The Back-Story of Pentecost in Scripture

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The Back-Story of Pentecost in Scripture
Tags : Pentecost, Scripture, Bible, Readings, Holy Spirit, Dr. Brant Pitre, Catholic Productions
In this video, for the Feast of Pentecost, Dr. Brant Pitre discusses the lectionary readings which revolve around the giving of the Holy Spirit by Jesus at Pentecost in the Acts of the Apostles, the gifts of the Holy Spirit in 1 Corinthians and Romans, and Jesus' promise of the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of John:(1) In the first reading from the Acts of the Apostles (chapter 2), the Apostles are gathered in the upper room on Pentecost, and tongues as of fire fall upon them and they begin to speak in other tongues through the power of the Spirit. This happened on the day of the Feast of Weeks, a festival in which they would offer the first fruits of the harvest to God in the Temple. Thus, it was an agricultural festival that celebrated the new life and the new harvest of spring. However, on this New Pentecost (the Greek word for the Feast of Weeks), the Holy Spirit is bringing about the first fruits of the new harvest of souls.(2) In the options for second reading (from 1 Corinthians 12 or Romans 8), St. Paul focuses on the Holy Spirit. 1 Corinthians 12 is St. Paul's famous description of the charismatic gifts, from the Greek charisma ton. These different spiritual gifts that are diverse in the Church, all work together to build up the body of Christ. The second option from Romans 8 is again about the spirit. Here St. Paul explains that all who receive the Spirit of God are sons of God. And this gift we receive at our Baptism allows us, with Jesus, to call God Father. Thus, we do not just receive supernatural gifts at our Baptism, we receive divine sonship.(3) There are also two options for the Gospel, either John 20 or John 14. Since we have discussed John 20 in a previous video I will focus on John 14. In John 14, we see Jesus speak explicitly about the person of the Holy Spirit. Jesus promises the Apostles that the Father will give them an Advocate and that the Advocate and the Father will make their home in them. This is an amazing passage because this is the first revelation of the mystery of the Trinity. And it goes so far as to say that the Trinity will reside in the Apostles.You can check out this video, like it, and comment on it at our blog at­s-explained-pentecost-sunday/You can find Bible studies on cd/dvd/mp3 and Dr. Pitre's signed books at

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